Embedded Linux Systems Architecture


35 hours

Embedded Linux Systems Architecture

Course Code: 
Outline Status: 
35 hours
Outline Source Material: 
Robert Berger
Training Materials: 
Laptops/boards will be provided during the training Workbooks stay with the students (and will be charged extra). A download link for example code will be provided. https://www.reliableembeddedsystems.com/embedded-linux-systems-architecture.html
  • Basic familiarity with using a GNU/Linux system (e.g. Ubuntu) as an end user in user space 
  • Basic familiarity with a command line shell 
  • Basic knowledge of user space/application development with GNU/Linux 
  • Basic knowledge concerning embedded processors and development boards 
  • Basic C programming knowledge 
  • …and/or or fear to learn the above… 

Course Objectives

To provide an understanding of the essentials of embedded GNU/Linux, how the bits and pieces fit together. What components are needed to build an embedded GNU/Linux system, where to get them from and how to configure/build/install them? Where to get help from? What about those software licenses? Hands-on exercises provide you with the necessary practical experience to go ahead and develop your own embedded GNU/Linux systems after completing this training successfully.


This five day training class uses hands-on exercises combined with instruction to illustrate the concepts of embedded GNU/Linux. It is designed to bring you quickly up to speed. The philosophy, concepts and commands necessary to make effective use of GNU/Linux are described through a combination of theory and on-the-job training.

Don't reinvent the wheel, but learn from an experienced trainer and take home a working knowledge of GNU/Linux and the ability to use it effectively in your own embedded development project.

Who should attend?

Managers, project managers, software-, hardware-, development-, systems engineers, testers, administrators, technicians and other parties interested in the technology, who want to understand as quickly as possible how Embedded GNU/Linux works. You must use GNU/Linux or you have to luxury to decide whether it makes sense to use it or not. Maybe you already tried to use Embedded GNU/Linux, but are not quite sure that you did everything the right way. You currently use a different operating system and wand to figure out whether GNU/Linux might better and/or cheaper.

Delivery Options

All the training material is English, but the presentation of it can be in English or in German, as you wish, worldwide.

  • on-site - instructor driven
  • on-line - instructor driven
  • on-site/on-line combination - instructor driven




  • History of Unix/Linux
  • Free Software
  • Unix Philosophy


  • Play with GNU/Linux
    • architecture
    • shell
    • permissions
    • FHS (file hierarchy standard)
    • hard/soft links
    • real/effective uid/gid
    • scheduler
    • process/task/thread
    • IPC simple/advanced
      • pipes
      • signals
      • message queues
      • semaphores
      • shared memory
      • sockets
      • select/poll
    • IPC techniques to avoid
  • Host Linux setup
    • Yocto/ELDK (cross/target tools, libraries, packages)
    • Terminal Emulation
    • Servers (DHCP, tftp, NFS)


  • files needed to run something on board
    • JTAG/BDI config
    • u-boot (checkout, config, build)
    • kernel (checkout, config, build)
    • rootfs
    • flat device tree
  • build/execute what's applicable from above on the target board
  • various rootfs
    • CRAMFS
    • ramdisk
    • MTD
    • JFFS2
    • roEXT2
    • ubi
  • build/execute what's applicable from above on the target board
  • comparison of root file systems
  • debugging
    • simple tools
    • local/remote
    • user/kernel
    • gdb
    • gdbserver
    • JTAG/BDI (optional)
  • profiling
    • gprof
    • gcov
    • oprofile


  • prerequisites
    • interrupts
    • reentrant code
  • real-time Linux
    • explicit/implicit preemption points
    • real-time preemption patch
    • fully preemptive kernel
    • hard real-time extensions
  • Adeos/Xenomai
    • adeos patch
    • xenomai
    • patch/config/build kernel
    • run it on board


  • administration
  • development
  • how to reproduce an SW release?


  • getopt
  • endianess
  • cheat-sheets

Except where otherwise noted content on this course outline is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).